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Requirements and Process for Obtaining a Greek Passport

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One of the most frequently asked questions at the Greek City Times is: “How can I get a Greek passport?”

The biggest mistake made by those trying to acquire one is that they do not go through the right channels. We’re here to tell you that the easiest and most direct way to get your Greek passport is through a lawyer. Follow this advice and you will thank us later. Going through someone else who is not a lawyer will end up costing you more in the long run and taking a lot longer.

A Greek lawyer will do just about anything for you, seamlessly and stress-free. They are very familiar with the laws and legal system in Greece and will guide you through the process (trust the process). A lawyer is like a one-stop-shop, leaving you stress-free and confident in your quest.

Understandably, for many who don’t know where to start, even finding a reputable, efficient and experienced lawyer, especially one who specializes in this area, can be a daunting task in itself. But don’t be afraid. Greek City Times has done the hard work for you and found an exceptionally honest, reliable and knowledgeable attorney whose services are available worldwide. No matter what corner of the world you live in, you can rest assured that you are covered.

Greek City Times recently spoke with Greek lawyer John Tripidakis of Tripidakis & Associates, who provided the helpful information below on obtaining your Greek passport.

Exceptionally, there are a number of certificates to which the newly regulated legislation does not apply and the Athens Special Registry remains competent for the registrations:

According to Chapter C. of Law 4674/2020 (published in the Official Gazette of the Greek Government on March 11, 2020, 53A’), in force since January 1, 2022, birth, marriage and death certificates that took place abroad and involve Greeks registered citizens or citizens of Greek descent as well as changes to these certificates, will be registered primarily by the Greek Consulate directly in the “Citizens Register” system.

1. Certificates from Greek consulates and foreign registers, provided that they have been drawn up and issued accordingly by 31.12.2021,

2. Changes in civil status and corrections on civil status records that have been registered by the Athens Special Registry,

3. The Greek Consulate remains competent simultaneously with the Special Register of Athens for the registration of civil status events that took place abroad and involved Greek citizens in exceptional circumstances regulated in nr. 45927/18-06-2021 Ministerial Order, except for those for which the Greek Consulate must write the registration certificate (“lixiarhiki praxi”) according to the clarification circular nr. 697/2021 of the Civil and Municipal Status Administration of the Ministry of the Interior “Amendment to the Register Regulation, Access of Greek Consular Authorities to the Information System of the Citizens Register”.

For information :

a. registration of modifications on certificates already registered in the Athens special register, for which a Greek decision recognizing the foreign modification is required,

b. registration of events that have not been promptly registered at the Greek consulate and the parties concerned now reside in Greece or in a country other than where the event took place,

vs. registration of events for which the residence of the person concerned is more than 500 km from the Greek consulate or if there is no Greek consulate,

D. registration of corrections of civil status certificates under final and enforceable court decisions in accordance with the procedure of the Greek Civil Code Art. 782,

e. registration of civil status events, when the functioning of the Greek consulate has been seized for exceptional reasons (pandemic crisis, war, interruption of diplomatic relations),

F. Vital events that took place within the jurisdiction of the Greek consulate (“amistha”) are registered either with the nearest Greek consulate (“emmistho”) or directly with the special registry in Athens.

4. The Athens Special Register has the right to draw up reports for changes in the civil status of Greek citizens that have taken place abroad (all the occasions mentioned above in No. 3 except of d.) as well as reports of an informative nature in case of consensual divorces issued under notarial deeds signed in Greece, provided that the consensual divorce dissolves the marriage which has been registered in the register of citizens by a Greek consulate after on 01/01/2022. In these cases, citizens can apply either to the Athens Special Registry or to the local Greek Consulate.

Greek consulates (“amistha”) will not have access to the citizens’ register and therefore they will not write register certificates (“lixiarhikespraxeis”).

However, in order for a lawyer to proceed with the registration of deeds with the Athens Special Register which have been drawn up or issued up to 31/12/2021, he must have been authorized by the client under a power of attorney dated until 31/12/2021.

Acquire Greek citizenship

Greek nationality is acquired at birth to a Greek parent, in or out of wedlock (recognition by a Greek father art. 2) or at birth on Greek territory (art. 1). For the recognition of Greek nationality, an application must be submitted with all the required documents to the competent municipality [and then it should be forwarded to the Competent Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which is the Competent Region; upon review of the file, a decision of the Competent Region will be issued recognising the Greek nationality of the applicant. The competent department of the region should then issue a decision ordering the registration of the applicant with the Greek Male Rolls and Municipal Rolls. Then, the person should proceed with his/ her registration with a Greek Municipality (the Municipality with which his/ her ancestors were registered) and procure a certificate of registration. Another way of acquiring the Greek citizenship is through naturalisation (Art. 5 or 10) or through the procedure of statement (Art. 14).

Depending on the applicable procedure, the necessary documents indicatively are the following:

Greek citizenship at birth from a Greek parent (Art. 1)

  1. Petition of the interested party;
  2. Certificate of the Greek parent’s registration with the Greek Municipality;
  3. Marriage certificate of the parents, Apostiled or certified by the Greek Consulate and translated into Greek;
  4. Certificate of birth of the applicant, Apostiled or certified by the Greek Consulate and translated into Greek;
  5. Certified Copy of the passport of the applicant, translated into Greek or of  the residence permit.

Greek citizenship of child born out of wedlock acknowledged by a Greek father (Art.2)

  1. Notarial acknowledgment by the Greek father or final and absolute ruling of acknowledgment issued by a Greek Court (or a proof of acknowledgment, as indicated by the applicable foreign law), certified and translated into Greek;
  2. Certificate of registration in Greece of the Greek father who acknowledged the applicant;
  3. Birth certificate of the applicant, certified and translated into Greek;
  4. Foreign certificate of family status of the foreign mother or certificate/letter of non-impediment of the mother, certified and translated into Greek;
  5. Certified Copy of the passport of the applicant, translated into Greek or of the residence permit.

Greek citizenship of child born prior to 8-5-1984 by a Greek at the time of birth or at the time of the marriage mother (Art. 14 par. 1)

  1. Submission of statement of the applicant before the General Secretary of the Decentralised Administration or the Greek Consulate of the place of his/her residence;
  2. Certificate of birth of the applicant, certified and translated into Greek;
  3. Marriage certificate of the parents of the applicant, certified and translated into Greek;
  4. Certificate of registration of the mother with the Greek Municipality;
  5. Certified Copy of the passport of the applicant, translated into Greek or of her residence permit.

Greek citizenship of child born by a Greek father prior to the enforcement of law 1250/1982 (Art. 14 par. 2)

  1. Submission of statement of the applicant before the General Secretary of the Decentralised Administration or the Greek Consulate of the place of his/her residence;
  2. Certificate of birth of the applicant, certified and translated into Greek;
  3. Marriage certificate of the parents of the applicant, certified and translated into Greek;
  4. Certificate of registration of the father with the Greek Municipality;
  5. Certified Copy of the passport of the applicant, translated into Greek or of the residence permit.

Naturalisation of Greek ancestry applicants according to Article 10

The Greek Consulate must provide the following documents required for the Greek citizenship process of the applicant to the Ministry of Internal Affairs which are in principle the following:

  1. Petition for the naturalisation signed by the applicant which must be filed before the Greek Consular who will certify the signature;
  2. Statement for the naturalisation filed in and submitted by the applicant filed before the Greek Consul who will certify the signature;
  3. Copy of the applicant’s passport, certified by the Greek Consulate;
  4. Certificate of birth, Apostiled or certified and translated into Greek;
  5. Certificate of the parents’ marriage, Apostiled or certified and translated into Greek;
  6. Certificate of the Greek parent’s registration with the Greek Municipality;
  7. Certificate of criminal record (“poiniko mitrwo”) of the applicant issued by the competent Authority of the applicant’s country;

All these documents (and any supplementary document that might be required by the Greek Consul) must be filed before the Greek Consulate and must be forwarded by the Greek Consulate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Athens in order for the Minister, following the opinion of the Ministry of Public Order to issue the Decision in reference to the petition for naturalisation.

All the above procedures can be expedited and facilitated through the intervention of a lawyer.

All the above procedures can be expedited and facilitated through the intervention of a lawyer.

 In Greek citizenship cases such as of Art. 14 or Determination of Greek citizenship in cases of acknowledgment by a Greek father (Art. 2), the lawyer’s assistance is critical for the simplification and acceleration of the process. However, there are cases such as the naturalisation process of Article 10 where the procedure is undertaken exclusively by the Greek Consulate. Even in these cases, the lawyer is useful since he/she will follow up by contacting the involved authorities in Greece, will provide clarifications to the client, will translate the documents, keep track of the applicant’s file, etc.

By John Tripidakis LL.B.(Athens), LL.M. (London)
Greek Law Practice
John Tripidakis & Associates
For all your legal matters, ranging from Greek Passport, Inheritances, Estates and Real Estate in Greece:
Email: [email protected]
Website: www.greeklawyersonline.gr

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